What's the difference between detergent and soap?
Detergent is simply a fabric soap that includes enzymes. In some countries, detergent may be referred to as a "bio" or "biological" formulation. Examples of detergents are Tide and Signature Detergent.
Enzymes are an important part of the cleaning process when washing fabrics. However, enzymes cannot be used on wool, and certain enzymes cannot be used on silk. That's why you can't wash wool or silk with detergent.
A laundry soap that does not include enzymes is not considered to be a detergent. Instead, it may be called "soap," "wash," or go by another name. In some countries, soap is referred to as "non-bio" or "non-biological." Two examples of laundry soap are Woolite (a petroleum-derived soap) and Wool & Cashmere Shampoo (a plant-derived formula specifically designed for the best care of woolens).
How does detergent work?
Detergents contain various enzymes, depending on the detergent brand. Each enzyme has a specific target, the same way enzymes work during your digestive process. During the cleaning process, enzymes grab, break down, and remove various particles, which are then suspended in the water by the surfactant system. During the rinse cycle, the particles are washed away.
Unlike most other brands, The Laundress detergents are very sophisticated, containing a high concentration of four different enzymes: protease removes protein stains, amylase removes starches, lipase removes oils, and cellulose removes soil particles like lint and fuzz.